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1 edition of Evaluation and availability of the mutations for disease resistance found in the catalog.

Evaluation and availability of the mutations for disease resistance

Evaluation and availability of the mutations for disease resistance

report of symposium, held on July 21-22, 1988.

  • 254 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Institute of Radiation Breeding, NIAR, MAFF in Ohmiya-machi, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, Japan .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plants -- Disease and pest resistance -- Genetic aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Plants -- Disease and pest resistance -- Congresses.,
  • Rice -- Disease and pest resistance -- Genetic aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Barley -- Disease and pest resistance -- Genetic aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Plant mutation breeding -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesGamma field symposia -- no. 27.
    ContributionsHo shasen Ikushujo .
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 117 p. :
    Number of Pages117
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14379377M

      Mutations may be secondary to the generation of reactive oxygen species, altered DNA repair efficiency or activation of additional mutator enzymes by Bcr–Abl. 44 Upon disease progression Cited by:   Guidelines for clinicians for the treatment of malaria focusing on reporting cases and evaluation and diagnosis of cases. Part 1 of 3. PCR is a very useful tool for confirmation of species and detection of mutations associated with drug resistance.

      Abstract. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global health concern, despite availability of antituberculosis drugs. Drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains were identified shortly after the discovery and introduction of streptomycin for the treatment of this disease. Subsequently, multidrug therapy was implemented for TB treatment; however, this was soon followed by reports of multi Cited by: 1. Deinococcus radiodurans is an extremophilic bacterium, one of the most radiation-resistant organisms known. It can survive cold, dehydration, vacuum, and acid, and is therefore known as a polyextremophile and has been listed as the world's toughest bacterium in The Guinness Book Of World : Deinococcaceae.

      Recent advances clearly demonstrate the potential clinical relevance of germline genetic testing and somatic genomic profiling in identifying possible therapeutic and/or clinical trial options, particularly in advanced prostate cancer. In addition, if a germline genetic mutation/pathogenic variant is identified, there may be important family implications and possible life-saving changes to Cited by: 2. Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene occur as early cancer-driving clonal events in a subset of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and result in increased sensitivity to EGFR-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Despite very frequent and often prolonged clinical response to EGFR-TKIs, virtually all advanced EGFR-mutated (EGFRM+) NSCLCs inevitably Cited by: 2.


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Evaluation and availability of the mutations for disease resistance Download PDF EPUB FB2

The two major factors limiting the development of disease resistance are (1) the absence of accessions with complete resistance and (2) the lack of a Author: Sanjay Jambhulkar.

Genetic improvement of disease resistance has obvious economic benefits for fish and shellfish aquaculture. If the incidence and severity of disease outbreaks can be reduced by making genetic improvement in disease resistance, there will be a greater willingness to Cited by: 7.

ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is an essay on ‘Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance’ for class 9, 10, 11 and The main hindrance to higher yield is the susceptibility of plants towards disease caused Evaluation and availability of the mutations for disease resistance book fungi, bacteria and viruses and to insects and pests.

There are various physical, chemical and biological methods for disease control but the [ ]. The other aspect of Bill Hill's research that relates to animal breeding and disease concerns his several investigations of the behaviour of recessive mutations in populations under partial inbreeding (Caballero et al.

; Wang & Hill ; Wang et al. ), and, more generally, the conflict between artificial and natural selection (Hill Cited by: For an autosomal recessive (AR) disorder, disease develops only if both copies of the ‘disease gene’ in an individual possess deleterious mutations.

Generally, AR disorders are seen in one or more siblings in a family, but not in parents or children of patients. Heterozygous carriers are usually clinically normal but may exhibit biochemical by: 1.

Resistance of B. cinerea to SDHIs is associated with several mutations in the sdhB, sdhC and sdhD genes, while resistance to QoIs, in most cases, is associated with the GA mutation in cytb gene. The evaluation of disease-specific “molecular biomarkers” has revolutionized cancer care around the world.

Those that occur early and at high frequency in tumors tend to be “driver mutations” whose function is vital for cancer cell proliferation and survival. True resistance (resistance governed by R-genes) is generally of two types: quantitative (also called partial, polygenic, and horizontal resistance) and qualitative (called R-gene, monogenic, and vertical resistance).

A number of internal and external factors that operate to reduce the chance and degree of infection may condition by: 3. disease/insect resistance, or drought/salt tolerance. The total area planted with these varieties was more than 1x ha.

[9]. The “Henong series” soybean mutant cultivars, developed and released by the Soybean The Role of Induced Mutations in World Food Security M C Kharkwal1,* & Q Y Shu2File Size: KB. The various sequential steps are: screening germplasm for resistance sources, hybridisation of selected parents, selection and evaluation of the hybrids and testing and release of new varieties.

Some crop varieties bred by hybridisation and selection, for disease resistance to fungi, bacteria and viral diseases are released (Table ). The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors: Implications for Human Health and Non-silent point mutations within structural genes are the cause of target site resistance.

The mutations reduce insecticide binding without causing a loss of primary function of the target site. The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes. In this cohort, a large majority of patients developing a mutation subsequently developed imatinib resistance, with the highest risk for disease progression conferred by mutations located in the P-loop.

20 Chu and colleagues were able to identify mutations in CD34 + CML progenitor cells in 7 of 8 patients with chronic phase disease with rising Cited by:   Mounting evidence indicates that the presence of measurable (“minimal”) residual disease (MRD), defined as posttherapy persistence of leukemic cells at levels below morphologic detection, is a strong, independent prognostic marker of increased risk of relapse and shorter survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and can be used to refine risk-stratification and treatment Cited by: Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance: Fungal, bacterial, viral and nematode pathogens attack the cultivated crops.

Crop losses can be upto per cent. In such situation if the crops are made disease resistant, food production is increased and use of fungicides and bactericides would also be reduced.

availability of suitable natural germplasm for fruit breeding. Induced mutations are highly effective in enhancing natural genetic resources, and have significantly assisted in developing improved fruit cultivars.

Mutations can be induced by physical and chemical mutagens. Important agronomic traits improved by induced mutations. Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease caused by organisms of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Although primarily a pulmonary pathogen, M.

tuberculosis can cause disease in. > Stanley Falkow (Fig. 1) dedicated his life’s work to the study of bacteria and infectious disease. He was a leader in the discovery of the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance and among the first to recognize and raise the alarm about the problem of multidrug resistance.

The articles of this Special Feature on Antimicrobial Resistance and the Role of Vaccines are dedicated to his memory Cited by: An estima patients will be diagnosed with invasive melanoma in the United States inand 9, patients will die from the disease. In almost all cases, the cause of death is related to the development of widespread metastatic disease.

Although death rates from most types of cancer have steadily decreased in the United States –a 20% decrease during two decades from a peak of. An outstanding collection of reviews on many aspects of Helicobacter research including microbiology, virulence factors, immunology, vaccine research, epidemiology, diseases associated with the infection, antibiotic resistance, and treatment (including the use of non-antibiotic agents).

A major reference volume on Helicobacter pylori and how it impacts on public health worldwide, the book is. Although resistance to therapy can occur at any time point, it has been established that the sequential use of TKIs as the CML disease progresses increases the probability of mutations.

13,16,22,25 Relapsed patients usually display a greater genetic instability and have a. late Joshua Lederberg, humans and microbes continue to be locked in a contest between “our wits and their genes” (Lederberg, ).

It should be noted at the outset of this document that the meaning of the phrase “antimicrobial resistance” is wholly context-dependent.A Modified Definition of Precision Medicine Interventions to prevent, diagnose, or treat a disease (e.g.

cancer), based on a molecular and/or mechanistic under- standing of the causes, pathogenesis, and/or pathology of the disease. Where the individual characteristics of the patient are sufficiently distinct, interventions can be concentrated on.Banana and plantain are among the world’s major food crops, and considered as the poor man’s fruit crop in tropical and subtropical countries.

The world’s total banana and plantain production ranks 5th after cereals, and there is still much scope for yield improvement. This book contains the results obtained during FAO/IAEA Coordinated Research Project (CRP) entitled “Cellular biology.